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Tendonitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Management

Woman having elbow ache due to lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow. injuries and medical concept

Tendonitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Management

What is Tendonitis?

Tendonitis, also known as tendinitis, refers to the inflammation of a tendon, the thick, fibrous cord that attaches muscle to bone. Tendons play a crucial role in facilitating joint movement, and when they become irritated or inflamed, it can result in pain, swelling, and decreased functionality in the affected area.

Causes of Tendonitis

Tendonitis is a common condition that can affect individuals of all ages and activity levels, from athletes to office workers.

Several factors can contribute to the development of tendonitis:

  1. Overuse and Repetitive Movements: engaging in repetitive motions or overusing a particular joint can strain the associated tendons, leading to inflammation.
  2. Poor Ergonomics: incorrect body mechanics or poor ergonomics in the workplace can contribute to tendonitis.
  3. Age: tendons lose elasticity as we age, making them more susceptible to injury.
  4. Injury and Trauma: injuries, such as sudden impacts or trauma, can damage tendons and trigger inflammation.

Symptoms of Tendonitis

The symptoms of tendonitis can vary depending on the affected area, but they often include:

  1. Pain: tenderness or pain in the affected tendon, especially during movement or pressure.
  2. Swelling: inflammation can lead to visible swelling around the affected joint.
  3. Stiffness: tendons may become stiff, limiting the affected joint’s range of motion.
  4. Weakness: tendonitis can cause weakness in the affected area.

Effective Management and Treatment Options

  1. Rest and Immobilisation: temporarily avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms is crucial in giving the tendon time to heal. In some cases, using splints or braces to immobilize the joint may be recommended.
  2. Ice and Heat Therapy: applying ice packs to reduce inflammation and heat packs to promote blood circulation can help alleviate pain and support healing.
  3. Anti-Inflammatory Medications: anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be recommended, in consultation with a pharmacist, to reduce pain and inflammation.
  4. Manual Therapy: this involves a hands-on-treatment by our practitioners which may include ultrasounds, soft-tissue release, and gentle manipulation.
  5. Exercises: specific exercises may be prescribed to strengthen and improve the flexibility of the muscles around the affected tendon to promote healing.
  6. Lifestyle Modifications: a practitioner will assess your lifestyle and suggest adjustments to activities to prevent future episodes of tendonitis.
  7. Laser therapy may also help.

Tendonitis is a common yet manageable condition. With the help of our practitioners, a personalised, holistic treatment plan will allow you to continue to enjoy an active and pain-free lifestyle!


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